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Photo by Treff Treff's medical products include syringes.
Swedish injection moulder Nolato is acquiring Treff, a Swiss medical device manufacturer. The transaction, financial details of which were not revealed, is expected to complete in the first week of October. However the deal would be funded through "existing credit agreements", Nolato said.
Treff sales in 2016 are estimated at just over SEK 450m (€47m), with an EBITDA margin of around 11.5%, according to Nolato. Treff manufactures syringe barrels and other injection moulded products for medical and industrial applications.
The acquisition moves Nolato into German-speaking Europe, strengthening the customer base and geographical expansion of both Nolato Medical and Nolato Industrial, company representatives said.
“We think the combination is a good thing for the long term, to be in two market segments with one company,” Nolato president and chief executives Christer Wahlquist told reporters and investors.
About two-thirds of Treff’s business will fall under Nolato’s industrial side and a third under Nolato Medical, although there will be no restructuring and Treff will continue its operations as is, Wahlquist said.
Treff employs about 190 at its plant in Degersheim, in the canton of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
Based in Torekov, Nolato has operations in Europe, Asia and North America, working in plastic, silicone and thermoplastic elastomers for the medical, auto, telecommunications and some industrial markets.
The bolt-on acquisition of Treff is a continuation of Nolato’s expansion on the medical moulding side.
Earlier this month the company announced the acquisition of Poland-based Grizzly Medical, a medical device assembly, post-processing and quality assurance company that has been a Nolato partner since the 1990s.
Solvay's headquarters in Belgium
Solvay has qualified the manufacturing site of Quadion LLC (dba Minnesota Rubber and Plastics) in Suzhou, China, as a certified injection moulder of Solvay’s ultra-high performance Torlon polyamide-imide (PAI).
This is the second certification for Minnesota Rubber and Plastics, as the company’s River Falls, Wis., plant was similarly qualified in 2015.
“Solvay’s stringent certification process confirms that our Chinese facility has the equipment and expertise necessary to injection mold Torlon PAI,” said Lih Fang Chew, global vice president of marketing, Minnesota Rubber and Plastics. “Torlon PAI allows our customers to explore and improve new product designs for automotive and other application markets. This certification will help our Chinese customers comply with demanding regulatory and agency approvals, such as ASTM D4000, ASTM D5204, Mil-P-46183 and Mil-P-46179A, together with specific material certifications at key OEMs and tier suppliers serving important markets across Asia.”
Torlon PAI, one of the highest performing thermoplastics in Solvay’s specialty polymers portfolio, combines the exceptional performance of thermoset polyimides with the melt processing advantage of thermoplastics.
This portfolio encompasses wear-resistant grades that offer unsurpassed performance in both dry and lubricated environments, and high-strength grades that retain their toughness and high strength and stiffness at temperatures up to 275°C (525°F), establishing them as the industry’s highest performing thermoplastics in this regard. It further offers outstanding creep resistance, an extremely low coefficient of linear thermal expansion and excellent abrasion and chemical resistance. The material is ideal for many precision components used in repetitive-use, load-bearing applications, such as automotive seal rings and transmission thrust washers, ball joint sockets, molded gears and slide elements for steering systems.
Photo by Plastivaloire
Interior automotive parts supplier Plastivaloire is set to start up production at its latest manufacturing plant in San Luis Potosí in central Mexico before the end of this year.
The France-based injection moulder, which already operates 26 production units across Europe and in Tunisia and Turkey, is locating its first North American operation at the heart a major automotive manufacturing zone.
Mexico is second only to the US in the continent among the largest producers of motor vehicles and seventh ranked worldwide. Meanwhile, its San Luis Potosí state is home to many of the world’s top motor manufacturers, Plastivaloire pointed out.
Audi has recently established an assembly plant in San Luis Potosí to join othersalready being operated by groups including Nissan, Chrysler, Ford, Fiat, General Motors and Volkswagen. They are set to be joined by other German groups with Mercedes Benz expected in 2018 and BMW in 2019, the French supplier said.
Its launch of new facility is consistent with the Langeais, France-based group’s current policy of international expansion. “It is in line with (Plastivaloire’s) strategy of geographical diversification, allowing it to cement its position among the world’s leading plastics industry players and work very closely with client contractors,” it said in a June statement.
Plastivaloire, which already runs more than 600 injection machines ranging from 25 – 2,700 tonnes clamping force, intends to ramp up Mexican output at the facility, accelerating production to full capacity through 2017, the firm said.
This region of Mexico is also home to leading OEMs in other industrial sectors which Plastivaloire believes will generate fresh opportunities for “the group’s non-automotive activities in line with its strategic roadmap”.
Group business is dominated by the automotive sector which currently represents about 70% of its overall sales, but it also produces moulded components for the consumer electronics and household appliance markets. It stressed the Plastivaloire Mexico will allow it to “reinforce its position with its longstanding clients and win over new market share”, Plastivaloire predicted.
The group saw its sales grow 26.7% in the first quarter of the current year ending this September, reaching a record of more than €134m. Over the first half of 2015-16 Plastivaloire achieved turnover worth €285.3m, up 24.2%, partly reflecting recent acquisitions.
Photo by Phillips-Medisize Phillips-Medisize posted total corporate sales of $620m (€547m) in 2015, with $355.4m (€314m) coming from North American injection moulding.
Medical injection moulder Phillips-Medisize is being acquired by Molex LLC, a global manufacturer of electronic, electric and fibre optic systems, in a deal announced 17 August.
Terms of the deal, expected to close this fall, were not disclosed.
The sale comes a little more than two years after Hudson, Wisconsin, US-based Phillips-Medisize was purchased by private equity firm Golden Gate Capital.
“Molex’s global scale in electronics, coupled with Phillips-Medisize’s strength in designing and manufacturing innovative products for medical device customers, will help us become a global leader in connected health solutions,” said Phillips-Medisize chairman, president and CEO Matt Jennings in a news release.
Phillips-Medisize had total corporate sales of about $620m (€547m) in 2015, with $355.4m (€314m) of that coming from injection moulding in North America, placing the company at No. 18 in PNE's sister publication Plastics News' most recent ranking of injection moulders.
The purchase is not the first foray into medical devices for Molex. The company acquired Irish custom medical injection molder ProTek Medical in May 2015.
“Phillips-Medisize has a talented, experienced and innovative team that has strong customer relationships because of its outstanding ability to serve the unique needs of the medical solutions market,” said Tim Ruff, senior vice president of business development and corporate strategy for Molex in a release. “Combined with Molex’s expertise in electronics and broad global manufacturing presence, we are confident that together we can significantly expand our medical solutions capabilities globally.”
Phillips-Medizise has been on a acquisition tear of its own lately, extending its global manufacturing capabilities to the Northeastern United State with the purchase of Injectronics, 30 June and breaking into Denmark with the 1 June announcement it was buying Medicom Innovation Partner A/S, both for undisclosed amounts.
Phillips-Medizise employs more than 3,900 at 17 production locations in the United States, Europe, Mexico and China. It also has a global design network with hubs in Hudson, Suzhou, China and Stuer, Denmark.
ENGEL will make its customers more competitive with flexible and efficient machine concepts along with automation from a single source at Interplastica 2019 in Moscow, Russia.
Economical IML for food packaging
At the fair, the company will be demonstrating how economical IML concepts can also be implemented for small batch sizes with one-shot production of ready-for-sale decorated lids for food packaging.
To do so, ENGEL will be combining an e-motion 740/220 injection moulding machine equipped with a viper 20 linear robot with an IML uniLINE by a new ENGEL partner TMA AUTOMATION.
The viper robot removes the label from the IML cell, places it in the mould of the injection moulding machine, simultaneously removes the last moulded finished part and transfers it back to the uniLINE for ejection.
Thanks to its standardised system concept, the compact IML cell is particularly easy to integrate. Within a very short time, the injection moulding machine can be flexibly converted for other tasks – with or without in-mould labelling.
With its closed system for toggle levers and spindles the injection moulding machine ensures optimum and clean lubrication of all moving machine components at all times, thus complying with the strict requirements of both the food and medical industries.
Intelligent assistance prevents rejects
inject 4.0 is the second focus at the ENGEL stand in Moscow. There is specific demand for intelligent assistance systems that enable the injection moulding machine to continuously self-optimise during the on-going process.
iQ weight control, for example, analyses the pressure profile during injection and compares the measured values with a reference cycle.
The injection profile, switchover point and the holding pressure profile are adjusted to the current conditions for each individual shot, which keeps the injected volume constant during the entire production run. Fluctuations in the raw material and ambient conditions are thus compensated for before rejects are produced.
"The iQ assistance systems are often the first step on the way to becoming a smart factory," said Olaf Kassek, Managing Director at OOO ENGEL in Moscow. "The modular structure of the inject 4.0 program makes it easy to get started with individual, smaller solutions and then further develop the digitalisation strategy in line with needs."
Customer portal e-connect in Russian for the first time
One special highlight at Interplastica is the ENGEL customer portal e-connect, which will be presented in Russian for the first time.
At anytime and anywhere, it provides an overview of the machine status, the processing status of service and support orders and the prices and availability of spare parts. In this way, the portal simplifies and accelerates communications between processors and ENGEL as the supplier.
All service products from the inject 4.0 program are integrated into e-connect, including the new e-connect.monitor for condition-based predictive maintenance and e-connect with 24/7 online support.
Qualified ENGEL service technicians are available around the clock and help users to troubleshoot faults in the shortest possible time, thus minimising downtime.
MES for newcomers and advanced users
At the show, the company will also be presenting smart connectivity solutions for linking injection moulding machines and production cells within the company.
TIG authentig, the MES (Manufacturing Execution System) by ENGEL subsidiary TIG (Rankweil, Austria) is tailored to the specific requirements of the injection moulding industry down to the last detail. It ensures transparency in order to, for example, utilise the total capacity of the machines or correlate productivity indicators and economic objectives.
The new products that TIG will be presenting for the first time during the trade fair in Russia include the TIG 2go dashboard solution, which is particularly suitable for entering the MES world, and the TIG big data high-performance analysis platform for networking machinery around the globe in a central cockpit.
Photo by Don Loepp Piovan's Universal Dynamics Inc. will move to a new facility in Fredricksburg and expects to retain all 120 of its employees
Global auxiliary equipment company Piovan is getting ready to expand its US operation in 2017, in a major move to a new facility in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
The news means Piovan’s Universal Dynamics unit will be moving outside the Washington, D.C., Beltway, where it’s been located since 1960.
“The new plant is very much in line with what we’re used to. It will have a tall roof, natural sunlight, and the entire setting … will be based on our lean Kaizen principals,” said Piovan Chief Marketing Officer Giorgio Santella.
The plant will be similar to Piovan’s factories in Italy, China, Brazil and Germany, Santella said.
It’s a change of plans for Una-Dyn, which just last year had announced plans to expand in Woodbridge, Va. But the company has always been a bit of an anomaly there — the District of Columbia economy is dominated by the federal government and government contractors, and has few factories.
“We’re along the Route 1 corridor near a commuter rail station. It made more sense to sell this property than to build in an area where there’s not a lot of industrial manufacturing,” said Una-Dyn President Bill Goldfarb.
Simply put, the property in Woodbridge became too valuable for manufacturing.
Fredericksburg is only about 30 miles south, but it’s more accommodating to industry. The company is moving into an existing 110,000-square-foot building that will be modified for equipment manufacturing.
Una-Dyn currently has only 75,000 square feet of space in two buildings in Woodbridge, where it makes material handling systems, dryers, loaders, blenders, chillers and granulators. Una-Dyn does all manufacturing in-house, starting with flat sheet metal.
The company expects all 120 of the Woodbridge workers to relocate to Fredericksburg. Goldfarb said Piovan considered moving out of state, but chose to stay in Virginia to retain its trained workforce. Work will shift to Fredericksburg in stages, starting in the first half of 2017.
Santa Maria di Sala, Italy-based Piovan bought Una-Dyn in 2008. Una-Dyn is in the D.C. area because its original business was selling dehumidifiers to the government for missile sites, warehouses and mothballed ships. The company shifted into plastics in the 1960s.
Goldfarb is enthusiastic about the project, which will enable the company to improve the production flow and add manufacturing of more Piovan product lines, including some dryers and blenders, as well as temperature controls and size-reduction equipment. Una-Dyn has been adding local production of Piovan products, but still ships some from Europe.
“It’s a Piovan strategy to think globally and act globally,” Goldfarb said.
“We see 2017 as the year that we will be aggressively looking at developing our entire business in all of North America,” Santella added. “With the new location, we have the possibility of doubling our production capacity.”
Piovan expects to post 2016 sales of €200m — that’s up from €155m in 2014 — and Santella said the new factory is an important step to help reach its North American goals.
At K 2016, the company is launching a new product, Winfactory 4.0, a supervisory software that allows its auxiliary equipment to communicate with primary processing machines. The technology is in line with the German Industry 4.0 concept for digital manufacturing.
Santella excitedly explained the advantages of the technology. For example, a moulder can now easily track the entire cost of making a part on a specific injection press — including the energy cost of the press and all the auxiliary equipment — and compare it to the cost of making the same part on other machines, or in other plants, or even in other countries.
From there, they can compare the performance of different mould temperature controls, dryers, blenders — virtually every manufacturing variable.
“All of this becomes very simple to achieve — something that yesterday was a wish,” he said.
The Piovan exhibit at K 2016 has an Industry 4.0 “corner” with four largest screens displaying the characteristics of the system. Santella said Piovan has a few beta installations of the technology.
Other products at K 2016 include an operating conveying and dosing system with the Easylink automatic distribution solutions coupled with the Pureflo filterless receivers; a new line of beside-the-press granulators; and the launch of Easycool+, a new line of air and water cooled chillers.
Photo by Wittmann Battenfeld GmbH Michael Wittmann, left, with Juraj Majersky, who is managing director of Wittmann Battenfeld GmbH's new office in Slovakia.
Officials of Wittmann Battenfeld will announce a new injection press unveiling at K 2016 in Düsseldorf, Germany, later this month, and the machinery maker has opened a subsidiary in Trencin, Slovakia, to intensify its activities there.
Juraj Majersky, a sales representative who has represented Wittmann Battenfeld, has been appointed managing director in charge of the new subsidiary, which opened in September. He is supported by Michael Slaba, who is managing director of Wittman Battenfeld CZ in Pisek, the Czech Republic.
Majersky is responsible for technical customer support and spare parts, in addition to sales activities. The machinery manufacturer plans to recruit a salesperson and a service engineer in 2017.
Wittmann Battenfeld officials said there are about 250 injection moulding companies active in Slovakia, and Majersky expects that to grow since automotive suppliers are expanding rapidly there.
Michael Wittmann, managing director, said: “The positive economic development in Slovakia and the increasing demand for injection moulding technology in this region call for a more targeted development of this market than was required in the past.”
At K, Wittmann Battenfeld will present the first press in its EcoPower Xpress series — a high-speed, all-electric injection moulding machine aimed at packaging and thin-wall moulding. The drives for injection, closing and opening movement are designed for fast movement and control accuracy.
At Düsseldorf, an EcoPower Xpress will mould polypropylene lids on a 4.7 second cycle mould, running an eight-cycle mould supplied by Greiner Packaging. A W837 side-entry robot inserts the foils for in-mould labeling, removes the molded lids, presents them to a vision inspection system and then separates the good parts from rejects.
Photo by S?ntis Packaging
Swiss group S?ntis Packaging is selling its PET bottle blow moulding business to the newly formed Swiss company Bonapack for an undisclosed sum.
Bonapack, located in Bischofszell, Switzerland, is set to complete the purchase by December 2016. It has already installed the four S?ntis stretch blow moulding lines at its plant and is scheduled to put the new unit into operation in January next year.
Bonapack is working closely in the acquisition with a Swiss partner packaging producer, Sitterdorf-based Biplast, whose chief executive, Beat Hurni is co-owner and shareholder in Bonapack. Biplast specialises in bottle production.
The stretch blow moulding division was put up for sale because Rüthi-based S?ntis Packaging plans to focus its business on its core operations of sheet extrusion and thermoforming quality multi-layer packaging as well as injection moulding.
Bonapack, established in a matter of weeks, will produce PET bottles in volumes from 60 ml to 2 litre sizes adding finishing services such as labelling, shrink sleeving and printing. The firm says it will offer S?ntis blow moulding customers an easy transition along with a bigger product range and the extra decoration services.
The division takeover is a strategically important step, enabling S?ntis to concentrate its investment and efforts on its main core technology and other key operations, confirmed S?ntis CEO Bettina Fleisch.
Biplast, launched in 1965, produces a range of products including bottles, cans, containers in a variety of plastics. Bottles come in sizes from 5 ml to 3 litres. It decorates the packaging with screen printing, labelling and shrink sleeving. Biplast employs a workforce of 60.
Zahoransky's Z.Lodos is a compact add-on unit for universal tray loading and unloading
German robotics and materials handling firm Zahoransky has developed a new modular palletising system for plastics processors, that recognises the “growing trend away from bulk goods”. The Z.Lodos is a compact add-on unit which can be integrated into any automation plant and has been developed for a wide range of universal tray loading and unloading applications.
With this tray loader, parts can be removed, stored and transported according to further production step requirements. In the basic version of Z.Lodos the standard tray loader has a tray size of either 400 x 600 mm or 400 x 300 mm. Stack height is up to 600 mm. Customer-specific trays can be supplied on request.
Zahoransky claims tray changeover times of up to 3.5 sec. Suggested application areas include the plastics and pharmaceutical industries, medical technology as well as the cosmetics and consumer goods industries.
For handling larger numbers of units, Zahoransky recommends the Z.Lodos TUL add-on unit. The tray loader on this unit has a claimed speed of up to seven cycles a minute. The standard version of the Z.Lodos TUL has a tray size of 900 x 600 mm and a stack height of up to 1,170 mm. The Z.Lodos TUL is available as either a loading or unloading module. The stacked trays can be transported or emptied with a suitable transporter, to enable the injection moulding process to be efficiently decoupled from downstream automation.
The company says that these new products, used in combination with its existing Z.Siroc (a standardised module for the automatic supply, assembly and removal of plastic parts directly at the injection moulding machine) can help deliver complete integrated systems for all areas of injection moulding.
The Engel v-Duo is billed as a large-scale machine which offers fibre composite applications and high cavity pressure processes
Northern Ireland-based composites and thermoplastics manufacturer CCP Gransden has secured an Engel v-Duo machine after visiting the injection moulding machine specialist’s Centre for Lightweight Technologies in in St Valentin, Austria.
CCP Gransden, which is based in Ballygowan, made the purchase after research into the moulding of advanced thermoplastics, which offer significant weight reduction and increased strength.
The Engel v-Duo is billed as a large-scale machine which offers fibre composite applications and high cavity pressure processes.
CCP Gransden engineering director Robert McConnell, said: “Such high levels of control and automation are not the norm for compression moulding presses. Engel’s ability to assist in the development, integration and operation of a complete manufacturing cell was also a key consideration. In fact, the ability to future proof aspects of the machinery, to revisit and add equipment in the future, was really important to us.
“We aim to offer a flexible, integrated and high quality manufacturing solution. To this end we have worked with Engel to develop a unique factory management and manufacturing cell.
“Going forward, we plan to carry out further development of the cell to maximise its integration. Even at this early stage in our progression, it is clear that this will be particularly applicable to automotive, aerospace and defence related manufacturing. Its high levels of control, data recording and quality engineering distinguish this cell from other capabilities currently available.”
Engel UK managing director Graeme Herlihy, said: “We were very keen to provide a solution for what is clearly a very exciting and challenging project.
“CCP Gransden visited our Lightweight Technologies Centre in Austria and together we concluded that their operation would benefit from the large vertical v-duo 1100, combined with a smaller injection unit.
“These machines have formed the foundation of the new cell, together with the integration of a high temperature oven, high pressure resin transfer moulding unit and the addition of a six-axis robot.”
In July polymer markets were well supplied with material from European production lines and imported material.
The downward L/LDPE price trend gathered momentum in July and August despite very limited cost movement. The ethylene contract prices settled €10/tonne higher in July and down €20/tonne in August. Producers initially attempted to stabilise prices, but given the lengthening supply situation, they had no choice but to implement substantial price reductions.
LDPE prices slipped €75/tonne over July and August with LLDPE down €100/tonne. Margins remain at historically high levels, but have dipped sharply over the past two months.
Availability of all grades is plentiful. There are currently few interruptions to European production sites and an abundant supply of imported material.
Converters ordered at a brisk pace to build up their stock levels following the sharp price reductions in July. However, some producers closed their order books early in August to deter any further pre-buying.
In July, HDPE producers were forced to offer substantial price discounts due to growing over-supply, despite a €10/tonne rise in the ethylene contract price. Blown film prices fell on average by €50/tonne with blow moulding and injection moulding prices down €25-30/tonne.
HDPE prices continued to fall in August, but at a slower pace. Blown film prices were down in line with the €20/tonne fall in ethylene costs, while blow moulding and injection moulding prices fell €10/tonne.
Blown film grade supply was readily available throughout the last two months both from local suppliers and from imports, but blow moulding and injection moulding availability became more limited in August.
The sharp price decline encouraged converters to top up their inventories in July. Demand slackened in August, but nevertheless remained respectable for the start of the holiday season.
PP producers had to concede price rebates in July despite a €17.5/tonne increase in the propylene contract price. There was simply too much material available and demand remained lacklustre. Homopolymer injection prices fell €30/tonne with copolymer injection down €20/tonne and homopolymer film down €10/tonne.
PP prices stabilised last month following a rollover in the propylene contract price.
Material availability lengthened in July with more than sufficient European production being supplemented by a growing supply of imported Asian material. Homopolymer film was least affected by the cheaper imports. However, supply started to move closer to balance last month as local producers put a brake on production.
Demand was on the low side in July as converters adopted a cautious approach as prices were expected to fall. Sales picked up from early August once prices had stabilised.
For July, PS producers initially targeted limiting the fall in general-purpose PS (GPPS) prices to less than the €125/tonne reduction in the styrene monomer reference price to broaden their profit margins, claiming that buyers did not absorb the full increase in the monomer in June. Indeed, major producers posted just a €80-85/tonne decline in their GPPS prices for July, significantly below the styrene monomer decrease.
PS producers were however unable to meet their price goals due to ample supply. Turnarounds at several styrene plants in Europe came to an end in June and there were additional imports from the US. Overall, European GPPS prices fell in line with the €125/tonne drop in styrene costs.
GPPS prices stabilised last month following a rollover in the cost of styrene. Material availability was heading back to normal levels.
For July, suppliers of PVC base resin fought hard to pass on the proportionate €5/tonne increase in ethylene costs, plus a small mark-up for profit improvement. In most cases however, market conditions permitted nothing more than a price rollover. PVC compound prices edged €10-20/tonne higher due to a rise in additive costs.
Following a €20/tonne reduction in the August ethylene contract price, PVC producers hoped to make up for the margin losses of the previous month in
August by calling for a rollover. Producers did however seem to be losing the battle as base resin prices slipped €5-10/tonne by mid-month.
There were no notable supply restrictions during the last two months with most PVC plants running at normal rates. Demand was normal in July but slackened last month with the start of the holiday season.
European bottle-grade PET prices slipped again in July despite a rollover in the cost of paraxylene. Prices were down on average by around €10-15/tonne. This masks a wide variation in price settlements with larger buyers managing to secure larger price concessions than smaller volume buyers.
PET prices slipped again last month by a further €10-15/tonne. The European paraxylene contract price had not settled by mid-month, but was expected to fall €20-30/tonne as a result of muted downstream demand.
There was a plentiful supply of material even though local producers are carefully controlling production rates. There has also been a steady inflow of cheaper imported material from Asia in recent months.
PET demand was at the lower end of market expectations during the summer, especially in Southern Europe, and slipped further during the August holiday season.
US-based additives maker Riverdale Global has introduced a series of liquid antimicrobial agents for use with polyolefins and engineering thermoplastics, which it claims gives more effective product protection at lower letdowns than masterbatches.
The company says its Plus Clean (styled ‘+Clean’) additives can be used at letdown ratios of only 0.2 to 0.5% and disperse more readily in polymer than pellet concentrates. The company claims this offers greater antimicrobial protection at a lower cost.
Plus Clean antimicrobials are inorganic silver-based formulations that prevent discolouration, odours and product degradation caused by the growth of bacteria, mould, and yeast. They have been optimised for colour retention in both indoor and outdoor applications.
Plus Clean AM-139 liquid additive is for use with PE or PP at 0.2 to 0.4% letdowns; and Plus Clean AM-150 liquid additive is for use with engineering resins at letdowns of 0.3 to 0.5%.
“The liquid form of Riverdale Global’s Plus Clean antimicrobials ensures low and precise metering rates and improved mixing and dispersion,” said Charles Irish, Riverdale’s vice president of product development. “Enhanced dispersion is particularly important for product protection because it promotes an even distribution of the agent at the surface.”
Plus Clean antimicrobials are designated for use in housewares, consumer electronics, healthcare devices and other products in applications susceptible to microbial attack.